We are excited to present our 10 Years of Impact progress report. In 2021 our organization marked ten years since registration making it our 10th anniversary as a local, national non-governmental organization in Tanzania.
In the 2021 Annual Report of SAT, you can learn more about how we pursue our track and what we have achieved so far. It is, therefore, a progress report over 10 Years of Impact – you can find the link below. Enjoy the read
My stay at the Farmer Training Centre (FTC) – during my time as a volunteer at SAT, I spent a few nights there, and it was terrific. I loved how excellent and friendly the staff was (and, of course, still is 😉 ). Everybody showed me around, helped me out and wanted to make my stay memorable. Not forgetting the excellent food which two wonderful mamas cooked. Angelina, one of the staff working at the farm, gave me a brief tour of the water cycle, although her time was limited.
The water, which was used for washing hands and showering, is collected in a little basin. This basin has rocks and grass on it, which separates rubbish from water. The next basin has elephant grass, which filters some chemicals, like heavy metals, out of the water. Now the water is fully filtered and can be used to water the plants and trees on the farm. I was impressed by this simple system of reusing water.
At the FTC, I attended the course Natural Medicine, held by Dr Feleshi. He is a Tanzanian Ambassador for ANAMED (Action for Natural Medicine in the Tropics). This international Christian Organisation promotes responsible, sustainable and universally accessible health and nutrition.
Dr Feleshi is an inspiring person and shared a lot of experiences and stories with the participants. The practical part was done by the participants and as a team. This engaging learning method was very useful in strengthening the learned theory and removing the inhibition of trying it alone at home. He explained the topics and tasks very well and had no problem telling them over and over again until everybody understood.
In my free time, I loved to stroll through the various demonstration plots and gardens, where I tried to identify the multiple species planted next to each other for a positive interplay.
The two newly bought cows still needed a name, so one cow was named after me. As you can imagine, I had to visit my cow buddy multiple times a day. On my way to her, I checked on the other animals as well: goats, chickens, cattle and donkeys, as well as pigs.
I only realized how many people live at the FTC when it is time to eat or when a soccer game is on. Then they all gathered in front of the TV for a game, and as soon as the match was over, they scattered around the FTC again. This little community lives as one big family. Everyone smiles, greets and is helpful, regardless of co-worker or participant. For me, the place is magic. It is calm and, at the same time, alive, it is quiet, but you always find somebody to chat with; it is peaceful and inspiring. I will never forget my time at the FTC. Thank you, Angelina, for making it possible.
This is a featured post by Marie Louise, a volunteer at SAT.
Sustainable Agriculture Tanzania (SAT) has trained farmers in various Agroecological (AE) practices ranging from farm preparation to post-harvest handling. Farmers who have been practising AE acknowledge that AE practices generate many benefits, including environmental, health, economic, and social benefits. The socioeconomic benefits include improved household food security and increased income.
Even though farmers understand the benefits of AE practices, they are some challenges on the farm. Among the arguments they provide are the following:
There are no ready-made organic inputs (biofertilizers and biopesticides) available for them to use in their farms.
Ineffective inputs, especially botanical extracts, when applied to the crops such as cereals and spices.
AE practices for pest management are tedious as they spend much time spraying botanicals in the same field.
It is hard to practice AE in large farms as they must apply large quantities of organic inputs (biofertilizers and biopesticides), which they claim to be labour-intensive.
The prices for the products produced using AE practices do not incentivise them to continue producing using AE practices.
Shortage of pastures in the dry spell force livestock keepers to move, increasing land resource use pressure.
As an organization promoting sustainable farming methods, we are very determined to address the concerns farmers raise to ensure they continue practising AE on their farms. Apart from training them on best AE practices, we are also dedicated to researching so that, in the end, all the concerns raised by farmers are addressed. Since 2014 we have dedicated some financial resources to researching AE, and to some extent, they have provided solutions to what farmers are complaining about. AE cannot be isolated from the rapidly growing technology in the agriculture sector. When you hear from farmers, their concerns imply that AE practices need some mechanization. Dedicating resources to the research may help to attain what farmers want under AE.
As a young researcher, you a part of the change by contributing through conducting participatory research with farmers to find the solutions which will address the farmers’ concerns raised about practising AE. We invite students from Sokoine University of Agriculture (SUA) who are in year 3 of their study and year 5 of their study for those programs which run for five years to attend the 9th workshop for participatory design (WPRD) on 10th December 2022, where you will learn more about the challenges and come up with a concept of addressing the challenge.
WPRD is part of the Farmer-Centred Agroecology Research (FCAR) which provides solutions for small-scale farmers practising agroecological farming methods. The FCAR decentralizes the research process and puts the farmers at the centre where they can express their key issues. Students start collaborations with farmers to design and conduct participatory research to address these issues.
The best concepts will be selected and supported with TZS 1,100,000 for undergraduate and TZS 3,300,000 for post graduate students. The only way to get these funds is to participate the workshop and put up the convincing concept note that will show clearly how you will address the challenge. Concept with the focus of innovating farming equipment to simplify AE practices are highly encouraged
To participate to this workshop please send your expression of interest (EI) to us through our communication email email@example.com not later than 2nd December 2022. The EI should not exceed 300 characters. Those who will write good EI will be invited to attend the workshop.
Our principal accountant is a senior-level accountant who leads the accounting department. He or She is responsible for overseeing all aspects of the company’s financial reporting, including preparing annual reports and assuring full compliance. The principal accountant also provides guidance to management on how best to use their resources to maximize profitability. This may include recommending ways to cut costs or increase activities in the organisation.
If you are a motivated and passionate individual who shares our conviction that our world has to do more about the sustainability of the human race and the environment. In that case, we want to hear from you.
Supervises activities of subordinates; assigns work and evaluates performance.
Plans directs organizes and schedules the activities of a specialized accounting function or several accounting areas.
Prepares and/or supervises the preparation of financial reports and reconciliation.
Advises administrative management as to procedures concerning expenditures and other accounting practices.
Prepares and/or directs the preparation of specialized or highly complex reports, statements, surveys, or analyses for management.
Maintains accounting and budget records.
Recommends management alternatives when accounting data indicates trends or situations requiring action to be taken beyond the scope of responsibilities.
Research, analyse, and use independent judgment in daily and non-routine decisions affecting assigned functions.
Maintain inventories of all office fixed assets, office equipment and supplies and ensure that equipment and fixed assets are insured and properly maintained and damages and losses are reported.
Provides internal/external training, both orally and in writing, on accounting systems, procedures, and practices.
Prepare monthly financial reports and ensure appropriate coding/allocations.
Coordinate project audits, including preparing financial reports and submitting financial support documents.
Provides technical advice and services to lower-level accountants or other staff with problems, complex issues, or special projects.
Assist project staff in developing budgets for project activities and processing budget modification requests.
Researches and evaluates new or changed accounting principles and practices.
Knowledge of accounting principles, theory, and practices.
Knowledge of supervisory principles, practices, and techniques.
Attention to detail
Knowledge of computerized accounting systems and applications to include main frame systems, personal computers, and general software applications. Preferably SAGE 300Advance.
Excellent communication and interpersonal skills, competent IT skills, solid planning and organization skills, strong numerical skills and attention to detail, uphold integrity, team player and leader and ability to work in a multicultural environment.
Bachelors in business commerce/Accounting/Finance or other related fields from a recognized University. Professional qualification in accountancy such as CPA or ACCA.
Four years of professional accounting experience in a senior position of a donor-funded organization; OR, eight years of professional accounting experience; OR, any equivalent combination of experience and/or education from which comparable knowledge, skills and abilities have been achieved
An application letter describing your motivation for the position
Up-to-date Curriculum Vitae with three current contacts of reference
Copies of relevant certificates, and transcripts
Current and expected remuneration
Applications should be addressed to
Human Resource Manager
Sustainable Agriculture Tanzania (SAT),
P.O Box 6369,
No phone calls or in-person applications will be accepted. Only shortlisted applicants will be contacted, so there is no need to follow up. Applications must apply via online application before 27th November 2022.
It was that time of the year for the National Agriculture Exhibition, or Farmer’s Day (Nanenane). Nane Nane is an annual celebration that recognises the contribution of farmers to the Tanzanian economy. It goes for eight days, with agricultural exhibitions running in different regions across the country. It all culminates with a national holiday on the 8th of August. For this year 2022, Sustainable Agriculture Tanzania (SAT) was in 5 regions; those were Morogoro, Dodoma, Arusha, Mbeya, and Lindi, together with our farmers.
Since the majority of people are now expressing a greater interest in the health benefits of eating organic food, it is a huge success for SAT nationwide. This demonstrates the growing popularity of organic agriculture throughout the nation. People are curious about how food is made and processed, in addition to what foods are healthy. As a result, SAT prepared a 100% organic showcase for the annual Nane Nane event, including the gardens, technology, and finished goods, to quench their demand for information and goods.
SAT has been preparing for the event since late June, with the main objective being to spread awareness about organic agriculture to both farmers and our customers. So, for this year, SAT had a lot to offer, including the following:
Simply said, a backyard garden is a home garden that can give your family everyday access to fresh, green veggies. The SAT’s backyard garden featured a variety of technologies, including an anthill garden, a tyre garden, a hanging garden, and a table garden. Some of the benefits of a backyard garden, according to the SAT facilitator, include reliable access to fresh fruits and vegetables, time and money savings from not having to go to the store anymore, and most importantly, keeping you and your family healthy by eating regularly healthy organic vegetables.
Organic produce means healthy produce free of harmful pesticides and chemicals that are detrimental to both health and the environment.
In-depth information on factors to take into account when preparing a backyard garden, such as size, slopes, location, root systems, and irrigation, was provided to our guests. We generally encourage a healthy lifestyle by consuming fresh produce farmed nearby.
Energy Saving stove
This stove is made with raw materials easily accessible to locals, like clay soil and burned bricks. It is very efficient and uses very little firewood to cook. Beyond cooking, this innovative technology also allows for the baking and roasting of BBQ while simultaneously delivering hot, boiling water. . Furthermore, it has an oven-like feature at the bottom to keep your food warm long after you have finished cooking it.
Standards for organic livestock production
This year, there was also a demonstration on how to raise organic livestock. Visitors learned how to combine raising livestock with organic farming by adhering to certain principles, such as feeding them organic feed and fooder, using natural breeding practices, safeguarding the health and welfare of animals, allowing animals to act naturally, and providing pasture that is accessible all year long. Prohibition of use of chemically synthesised allopathic veterinary drugs, including antibiotics, hormones, growth boosters, etc.
SAT Holistic Group LTD, a social business affiliated with the SAT NGO, offers a range of organic products for our visitors, including fresh fruits and vegetables, cereals, sunflower oil, spices, pasteurised milk, and plain yoghurt. The items and knowledge provided by the SAT facilitators were well received by our clients, who also learned more about how to access them.
More technologies were presented like the ‘Jokofu La Asili’ Zero Energy Cooling Chamber (ZECC), a cold room made from materials which are cheap and easily accessible to locals, utilising burned bricks, sand, and sacks to ensure food stays cold and fresh long after harvest. Cultivation of Azolla, used as biofertilizer in coffee plantations, feeds ingredients in broiler rations and increases nitrogen fertiliser.
SAT’s demonstration garden at the Nane Nane grounds country-wide welcomed 481 visitors in Dodoma and 1385 visitors in Morogoro. For more than ten years now, SAT has really grown, with many more demonstrations and technologies to show. The mission toward an organic future is close to our hearts.
In Tanzania, more than 14 million people (26% of the population) live below the poverty line and 60% of the female population lives in extreme poverty. In addition, subsistence agriculture alone accounts for 80% of women’s jobs. In fact, while agriculture still provides nearly 77% of jobs in the country, the sector supplies only 25% of gross domestic product (GDP). The feminization of poverty is thus a real challenge in Tanzania and is particularly concentrated in the agricultural sector.
At the same time, more than 50% of women are in the economic sector of micro, small and medium-sized enterprises (MSMEs) where excellence can be achieved, provided they have access to financial support and reinforcement of capacities to professionalize and develop their activities.
So there was a need to provide these young girls with vocational training and support them in creating micro / small businesses around agro-ecology.
Salome Isaack is a young woman from Iyombo Village in the Nzega District of the Tabora region passionate about agriculture and entrepreneurship. Salome was a typical housewife who lived with her husband for years, but she always felt that there was something missing. She had to wake up, do chores, cook, and sit without doing anything specific for the entire day. She was a little irritated about this since she occasionally asked her husband for money so she could buy soap or any small thing for the house. The ambition to start her own business grew stronger as the challenges multiplied.
An effort had to be made to connect with these women. Msichana Initiative, Sustainable Agriculture Tanzania (SAT), and Practical Permaculture Institute of Zanzibar (PPIZ) with financial support from the French Embassy under the supervision of FCS Trust have developed a project titled “Girls Empowerment through Agroecology and Permaculture” (GAPE). Salome saw this as an opportunity when the project facilitators arrived in Nzega District. She had heard that they would be facilitated to be able to start their own business and learn more about organic agriculture. So she joined the group of Umoja Ni Nguvu, which included other young women around her village.
She used the knowledge she gained from SAT’s organic agriculture training to launch a small farm garden close to her house. Spinach was one of the vegetables she grew in the garden. Salome began harvesting the spinach after 7 weeks, earning Tsh 8,000. She used this money to start her poultry business by purchasing three chickens. She was sure to succeed with all the ways she had learned, including proper chicken feeding methods, building a better pavilion, and using biopesticides to avoid disease and commercial breeding.
“Our facilitators taught us different methods of feeding chickens, vaccination of chickens and other ways to prevent diseases in chickens, and I used those methods properly where so far I see the results are good” said Salome.
Salome currently has thirty chickens, and her goal is to grow her poultry business to the point where she can support herself financially.
In seasonal crops, in the last season of 2021, she cultivated sunflower and maize crops. She managed to harvest up to 3 bags of maize and 3 bags of sunflower just in her first season, this really changed her perspective on agriculture.
What agriculture provides to human beings is far from producing food or making money. It plays a huge role in maintaining the environment of the whole planet, and the environment for human survival. Organic agriculture plays an important role in taking care of the environment and existing organisms. Chemical pesticides are now being used more frequently, which is destroying the ecology and biodiversity.
She now appreciates the value of preserving the environment and providing a healthy diet for her family and future generations thanks to the training she received.
She now plants medicinal plants like neem trees and wild plantains, which are both used as medicines, all around her farm. These plants can be used as effective remedies to treat animal and crop illnesses. Salome has also been able to dig a water pond to irrigate crops on her land in addition to planting medicinal plants. She uses irrigation systems on her farm to grow maize and beans on this land.
Since then, Salome has always had the desire to launch a business. Given some of the difficulties they were facing at home, having additional income would significantly raise their standard of living and enable them to meet even the most basic demands. As a result, putting the training in place and finding success in organic agriculture, especially from the seasonal crops would be a fantastic source of funding for her north star business.
Salome, however, is a brilliant investor and she is just 25 years old. She was successful in forming a group of unity with her four friends. They had the bright notion to establish a baobab value addition business together. For only 12,000 shillings, they were able to hire a baobab tree from an Iyombo Villager. The tree was harvested, given more value, and then sold for both wholesale and retail rates. From the baobab value addition business, they have so far been able to raise Tsh 40,000.
Salome operates a clothing and fabric business with the profits from her baobab value addition business. She makes money by purchasing clothing in Nzega town and then reselling it at a higher price. Additionally, she redesigned some of the fabrics to create children’s clothing and expand the market by selling to neighboring villages.
Despite all of her achievements, Salome still has to deal with issues including a lack of reliable sources of water for irrigation and no means of transportation to get her goods to other villages. Despite all of these difficulties, Salome is still committed to farming and business. Salome is a real brave girl and an inspiration with all of these efforts she makes.
This project is implemented by Sustainable Agriculture Tanzania (SAT) in collaboration with the Msichana Initiative and Practical Permaculture Institute of Zanzibar (PPIZ) with financial support from the French Embassy under the supervision of FCS Trust
It’s trend and success so far since the implementation of the program.
The basic rationale of adult learning is a keystone for the Farmers and Pastoralist collaboration (FPC) project which created a program that enabled several pastoralist groups based in the villages they live to have access to adult education literacy. With the determination of the participants and motivation of the tutors, despite the challenges encountered in the process, significant progress and transformation have been made.
Based on the new plans and strategies, progression has been observed and implemented by FPC together with the pastoralist groups. In such circumstances the continuation of the problem facing these pastoralist groups is ongoing, and there is still an issue of illiteracy among the adults who are members of this group. At first, it was forbidden for women in particular to have formal education, then circumstances later on changed and the women desired to go to school. But recently we deal with the internal challenges facing the adults who are already engaged in the learning activity and not leaving behind the enrolment of new students who have the desire to learn.
Earlier when the program started, they were 8 pastoralist groups which were introduced to the project, the response of these groups was not quite good because there were huge issues based on the challenges facing these groups. some of the primary groups faced defects that were from the roots of ideology, culture, and environment. Tracing some shortcomings faced by these groups is like; some groups were to be eliminated due to the environmental factors they faced. Taking a good example from the Naedoloki group, it was forced to be eliminated because of the elephant invasion that happens to be a threat to their village. The pastoralist society is so devoted to the obedience of their culture, in society women are portrayed as a weak element in society, so they are not allowed to do what the men do, they are also denied access to quality education. Nevertheless, these societies earlier had conflict issues with the farmers, and this was so outrageous that led to death among them and misunderstanding between these two-party groups. But FPC managed to outreach all their problems and tried to reduce the disparity between the problems faced by the pastoralists and the goals to be achieved in the project.
Currently, they are 10 new pastoralist groups from different villages. The groups are Nadupo , Mkombozi , Namayana ,Mafanikio ,Esupati , Nakoryduyook , Napyook , Ilaramataki, and Naselini. Among these, there are two new groups which are Nakorydyuook and Namayani. the total success of the groups is approximated up to 34% generally and there is an improvement of 24% from each group. All these groups are undergoing adult learning to master how to read and write. The best part of the achievement is that we managed to enroll a quite good number of adults who wish to have an access to education, and a big percentage of this group were women. To the great extent, these groups are on track to achieve their goals.
NAME OF GROUPS
TOTAL NO OF MEMBERS
NO OF WHO CAN READ +WRITE
Table showing the number of pastoralists who can read and write now
Drawing an example of a case study from one of the group members who were so open and ready to explain all the strengths and weaknesses that they are facing as a group.
Maria Nyumbuis a pastoralist from Wamburi (Makuture shule) village located at Dakawa ward in Mvomero district. She is a great ideal and inspiration as one of the members of the pastoralist groups. Her story is so inspirational that can lead to pleasant changes for the rest of the members. She exemplifies how her fights, hardworking and perseverance brought success to her life. She joined the group because she had the desire and interest to learn how to read and write. Managing her duties and chores as a Tanzanian woman is not easy, because the division of labour in a Tanzanian household depends on the culture of a particular society. As a Tanzanian woman particularly from the pastoralist society, Maria addressed the problems on behalf of the rest of the members, earlier when she was illiterate it was so hard for her to cope with the outside environment based on the technological changes. She had to face several outcomes because of her illiteracy. Maria was forced to pay fines because she failed to determine the upcoming fixed day to attend the clinic., sometimes she was unable to understand the instructions on the wall posters, so she did reversely what she was asked to do.
Her journey to access education was not easy. It was so difficult for her to balance her daily activities, family, and school. Sometimes she claimed that the subjects were hard and to some extent, she felt like giving up. Learning how to read and write was not a simple task. Maria had to put on extra effort into education because she had a passion for it. It was her dream that one day she could stand Infront of a crowd and read out loud and everyone could understand. She desired to learn so that can read during the meetings and be aware of all that was going on. As the wise man says,” there are no roses without thorns”, Maria currently knows how to read and write the basic words. She is the icon and a role model that inspired other women to crave to know how to read and write.
Now we have a standard number of adults who have the ability to read and write so far. Despite learning how to read and write these groups also do learn about livestock keeping and management, they learn how to save and lend, pasture conservation harvesting and storage to be more resilient to drought conditions. Literally, they work hand in hand with the FPC to achieve the objective goals in the livestock-keeping process.
For more information about Maria Nyumbu please check the following video
The FPC Project is implemented by SAT and kindly supported by Biovision
Sustainable Agriculture Tanzania (SAT) is seeking to hire an external developer to develop and implement a web application for smartphones with a database to collect/manage/analyse information from all the activities, which are carried out in the field (crop yield, training, GIS, inputs, complaints…). The requirements have already been defined, but still, need to be expanded and refined. Staff from SAT will support this process.
The developer is free to propose the methodologies, the programming software, and the web framework. The project budget contains the costs for the developer, technical tools, requirements engineering on site and the implementation of the web application and the database.
These Terms of Reference (ToR) serve as a request for proposals from individual developers/firms interested in conducting the project. The project is funded by Austrian Development Agency and Land Vorarlberg through the Uluguru Spice Project II.
Interested applicants should submit; (1) a cover letter of expression of interest, (2) curriculum vitae, (3) a technical proposal explaining their comprehension of the ToR, and how they would approach the project, summarising the methodologies, software framework, and approaches they plan to use including a timeline (4) financial proposal outlining their expected fees for completing the development and implementation (5) references to similar implementations that could be contacted.
Please find the Terms of Reference for more information on the scope of work and applications procedures
The Nemele women’s group is among the Uluguru Spice Project (USP) II farmer groups mobilized by a farmer facilitator called Richard Simon of the Numbini Vanilla group in Lugeni village. The Nemele Women’s group is in Tandari village, Mtombozi Ward. The group was first established in 2015 with 22 members. Their joint formation was due to their willingness to have a poultry project, and they started the project by supplying chickens within and outside the village.
The secretary of the Nemele Women’s group explained how she understands the intervention back in 2020 when Richard Simon met with them for the first time during the mobilization of the new farmer groups in 2020 through the F2F approach as follows:
“In 2020, Richard came to our village to mobilize different groups which later will be in the spice project (USP). He described how agro-ecological spice cultivation in the Uluguru mountains will help many people in the production of organic spices. Also, he added that although the groups would receive technical instruction on the production of organic spices, they will also receive assistance with farming inputs including the right kind of equipment and seeds.“
As a group, we had two days of brainstorming meetings on the opportunity that was ahead of us through the spice project. One of the driving forces that made them want to be involved in spice production is that they had few spices on thief farms and solely food crops like paddy and cassava predominated. For most of them, only own two to three spice trees and were ignorant about organic spice production and this was a perfect opportunity to learn more and further about organic agriculture.
The group began receiving facilitation and technical training on the organic spice modules as well as farming equipment and seeds after voluntarily deciding to join SAT under Uluguru Spice Project II through Richard Simon as the farmer facilitator.
The Nemele women group received cloves and cinnamon seedlings in 2020 just after joining SAT under the USP II project, therefore currently they have 1438 cloves seedlings and 200 cinnamon seedlings in their nurseries. They expect to distribute equally to each member of the group and each member will plant on his/her farm as per the technical training they received about organic agriculture. The group sees an opportunity in the market of their spice produce which is cinnamon, ginger, and cloves through the spice cooperative (CHAUWAVIMU), so through the techniques, they have learned like intercropping, application of compost manure, mulching, and use of biopesticides they expect to increase production in these crops.
“We are really appreciative of the Uluguru Spice Project since it gave us the information we needed to produce organic spices.“
The group secretary added
They believe with technical backstopping and other facilitation from SAT facilitators and Richard they still have a good position in spices production.
“KILIMO HAI !!!!!, VIUNGO NI DHAHABU ILIYOJIFICHA!!!!”
Spices are gold in their hidden form
The USP Project is kindly supported by Austrian Development Agency, Land Voralberg, and Fester Foundation.
Ramadhan Sanda is a spice farmer in Kinole village who is a member of the MMO Viungo farmer’s group. He is 66 years old, has one wife, and has nine (9) children. He got involved in growing spices after he joined the MMO group in 2017, so far they have been collaborating with Sustainable Agriculture Tanzania (SAT) on the Uluguru Spice Project (USP), and in 2021, the MMO Farmer group was among the 23 other farmers groups selected to implement Internal control System (ICS).
His main source of income is agriculture. He currently has 4 acres of intercropped spices under cultivation, including cinnamon, cardamom, vanilla, and black pepper.
Ramadhan Sanda has experience in organic agriculture and he has been producing organic spices in the Uluguru Mountains since 2017 which led him to be one of the best spice producers under the USP project.
He stated, “I have been participating in a number of courses and trainings about the production of organic spices, both inside and outside the farmer’s group, which were arranged by SAT.”
Therefore, through the farmer’s group, he qualified to be a spice producer under the internal control system (ICS). According to Ramadhan Sanda, ICS is the system that shows they are real spice producers because it encourages farmers to produce organically.
He goes on to say that the system enabled him to be a diligent farmer who produced in accordance with ICS standards. The system benefits farmers greatly since it increases productivity through improved farm management, quality enhancement, and post-harvest handling.
Ramadhani benefits from the lucrative market of his organic produce as in 2021 he sold over 400 Kg of black pepper to SAT Holistic group Ltd at a premium price.
The USP Project is kindly supported by Austrian Development Agency, Land Voralberg, and Fester Foundation.